Emotional arousal and overeating in restrained eaters.
Cools, Joseph; Schotte, David E.; McNally, Richard J.
Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol 101(2), May 1992, 348-351.
Tested the effects of 3 mood inductions (neutral, positive, and negative) on food intake in 91 women of varying degrees of dietary restraint. Mood induction was accomplished by exposure to 1 of 3 film segments: a travelogue (neutral affect), a comedy film (positive affect), and a horror film (negative affect). In Ss exposed to the neutral film, food intake decreased with increasing levels of dietary restraint. Among Ss who viewed either the comedy film or the horror film, however, food intake increased with increasing restraint. Although the horror film appeared to be more disinhibiting than the comedy film, this effect may have resulted from a difference in the intensity of the emotions induced rather than from their valence. These results suggest that emotional arousal, regardless of valence, may trigger overeating among restrained eaters. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)