Knowing your place: Self-perceptions of status in face-to-face groups.
Anderson, Cameron; Srivastava, Sanjay; Beer, Jennifer S.; Spataro, Sandra E.; Chatman, Jennifer A.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 91(6), Dec 2006, 1094-1110.
Status is the prominence, respect, and influence individuals enjoy in the eyes of others. Theories of positive illusions suggest that individuals form overly positive perceptions of their status in face-to-face groups. In contrast, the authors argue that individuals' perceptions of their status are highly accurate--that is, they closely match the group's perception of their status--because forming overly positive status self-perceptions can damage individuals' acceptance in a group. Therefore, the authors further argue that individuals are likely to refrain from status self-enhancement to maintain their belongingness in a group. Support for their hypotheses was found in 2 studies of status in face-to-face groups, using a social relations model approach (D. A. Kenny & L. La Voie, 1984). Individuals showed high accuracy in perceiving their status and even erred on the side of being overly humble. Moreover, enhancement in status self-perceptions was associated with lower levels of social acceptance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)